Micro and macrolinguistic speech analysis
Hosts: Adult language department
Speaker: Filipa Miranda
Moderators: Ana Murteira and José Fonseca
Speech analysis is crucial for language assessment and can be analyzed through two dimensions: microlinguistic and macrolinguistic. The microlinguistics of speech is related to the organization of phonological patterns in morphological sequences and words (lexical processing) and also determines the syntactic context that each word requires for the correct formation of sentences (syntactic processing). In this type of dimension, the average length of the statement, the rate, the Type Token Ratio, the total number of words and phrases can be measured.
Macro-linguistics refers to inter-sentence analysis, determining the contextually appropriate meaning of a word or phrase, as well as the cohesive and coherent mechanisms that are responsible for forming the topics. It can be analysed through the main concepts, the coherence of the topic, the global coherence, the local coherence and the cohesion of the discourse.
Through these two types of analysis, it is possible to detect language deviations that are not found through traditional methods of language assessment.